Homework XI

1.  Since I am not married now—and therefore do not have any children, I can only predict what the future of my children will be like. That is of course after I get married and raise children. At the same age I am now—in their early twenties, I think, also after a glance at the speed at which today’s technological advances occur, they will be using more powerful computing devices. Although today’s research of nanotechnology and miniaturization tends to be focused on making smaller (and therefore portable) devices, humanity will still be limited by our natural capacities. An example could that our eyes can see only within a certain distance and be able to recognize things of a defined or fixed size range.
Computing capacities of computers will likely be very high by then, but screen sizes will be still at about the same size as the ones we use today. The only think that may render them more portable is that they may be able to make transformers: computers that can change shapes for portable reasons and regain the initial size at the time of use.  Cell phones will have more communication capacity than today’s ones. Today’s service providers are still trying to be able to meet the 4G uplink and downlink ITU standards. The other think I imagine is that optical computing may gain a use in the future as it would facilitate faster communications than the electronic communications that we use today.

2.   If artificial intelligence takes over, society will have to adapt in many ways. First, there will be an ease to communicate and do things in more friendly settings than the settings we do things in today. This will probably eliminate many jobs and may render some electronic devices such as cell phones unnecessary.  Like Ray’s singularity suggests, humans will choose to go on the hybrid side or stay humans. The hybrids will have more capacity than humans, of course.

People will have to give up some privileges. An example here can be that fact that there will be a loss of privacy as some technologies will be able to get ideas even straight from the hybrid’s mind. Cars and all other tools will be easy to use and will have an increased level of intelligence. Animals will be in a tough life time since humans will be able to manipulate them more than ever. Things will be different, humans will be different.

3.  According to history, the more the technological advances the longer the life of humans. This is especially because, for example, advances in computing help advances in medicine and healthcare in general which in turn help keep people from getting sick, recovering sooner, or  establishing new—and—better ways of living. The downside, however, is that the more you use your brain the more likely you are to die sooner (live a shorter life), it is like getting physically old in a very short time instead of getting old in a long time. The theory, however, holds that as humanity progress in the future through research and discoveries, the longer the life expectancy is getting.  According to Ray in his singularity theory as he believes he will bring his father back to life,  people’s lives could be extended no physically, but intellectually by keeping their memory alive. I think of this as cloud computing. A technique where the human’s attributes will be kept in certain databases for a later use if their physical bodies die.  This part will be a complicated one.

4. I have already presented in class about wireless power transmission!

5.  With regard to the artificial intelligence advances and the advances in wireless power transmission, these technologies will have to go hand in hand. Humans and devices will have to be free of power cables for the suitable and favorable use of the of artificial intelligence.  This means that either some ways of harvesting natural energy directly to humans or artificial intelligence devices will have to be created, or some other wireless human body power harvesting techniques will be invented. I may add this subject as possibility to my project topic: wireless power transmission even though these two technologies are not moving at the same pace.

 

Homework X

1.  Robotics and Wireless Power Transmission:  Even though the reverse process may be right, the future of the wireless power transmission does not depend on wireless power transmission.
     At some extent, robots future may be dependent on wireless power transmission after all.An example could be the fact that the iRobot robots that we used in class depended on batteries and that meant no long term uninterrupted use because the batteries could die at any time throughout their functional use.  To solve such a problem, like any electronic device, a magnetic coil would be placed on a robot and the robot would be able to wirelessly receive power automatically whenever it is inside a building with the magnetic power sockets.  This means that as the development of robots that have to move around a lot inside facilities goes further, engineers/researchers will realize the need of wirelessly transmitted power and such a need could be another promoter of the development of research in wireless power transmission technology.  However, the development of wireless power transmission alone as a technology does not depend on robots.
2.   See attached PowerPoints (sent per email).

3.  If I were to be given a robot, I would choose one that cleans the house when I am not around.


Homework IX

1.  People of Earth have been working hard to explore the Universe, but the progress remains lik a waterdrop in the ocean—if you compare it to vastness of the universe. We have only been able to visit a few planets, and advances in communications are being used to see if any other intelligent life may be out there in the universe. I myself think that there migth be some other intelligent life. The only limiting factor in discovering it is the fact that human technology hasn’t advanced enough.

2.  Personally, I think Ray Kuzwell is  a “ one-smart-somehow sad-courageous-optimist.”  He has lost his father and this fact has pushed him to trying top strech the accessible intelligence of today.  Kuzwell’s view of singularity focusses on the fact that a time in the near future will come where humans will have to be mixed with technology to become new hybrids. According to his views and the movie’s general suggestions, these hybrids will be more intelligently and actively powerfull than normall humans, a fact that will meke the non-hybrid beings look like nothing in front of the hybrids. We will all be forced to convert to the new mix! That is how Kuzwell sees it.  As somobody studying telecommunications, I have come across different kinds of knowledge about the advances in communications and signal processing, but everyone will confirm that since the neuroscientists haven’t been able to make big advances in the brain-signal processing patterns, it will not be easy to combine living bodies with communications systems ( or chips or other hardware and software) and make the whole function better than we, today’s humans function. So, I don’t see singularity in 2029 like Kuzwell; maybe in future centuries, but not in the 21st century.

3.  The outline order: (Since not all homework questions talked about wireless power transmission, some of the I chose rather not to post all the notes from homeworks answers, but rather the homeworks that I think correspond to certain parts of my outline.

  1. Abstract: will be composed of some parts of all homeworks and some additional information from other online sources and homework I.
  2. Introduction: will use some infroamtion from Homework I (which introduced the wireless power transmission for the first time in my homeworks)
  3. Background research: Background research will be based on Homework VII’s links that talk about the origin of the wireless power technology.
  4. Today’s Research in Wireless Power Transmission: Will be based on homework IV’links plus some other online information.
  5. Uses of Wireless Power Transmissions: Will also be based on what I talked about in homework IV.
  6. Future Trends of Wireless Power Transmission: Will be base on homework IV’s Market Predictions and Homework III which talks about the future of wireless power transmission.
  7. Future Uses and Effects of Wireless Power Transmission: This part will be based on what I talked about in homework IV plus some other research information that I will find.
  8. Conclusion: Will mostly be based on all homework that we did throughout the semester plus any additional information that I will be coming across through the research.
  9. References: Will mostly be based on all homeworks plus any additional links that I will be coming across through the research

4.  My research outline is not missing anything (that’s according to what I think), unless if you give me some feedback.  I do think the abstract is what’s missing for me to get started and it will be some developed form of the following: This time in the 21st century, the use of electronic devices is exponentially increasing. This trend comes with many other accessories—including power chargers.  If you have a cell phone, a computer, or a television set, you have probably already stumbled over a cable while walking around in your house, in class, or at work.  Wireless Power Transmission is a resonance frequency based technology in test that could change how we see and use electronic devices forever.

5. My project PowerProject outline will be close to my short-research-paper outline as follows:

  1. Homepage
  2. Abstract
  3. Introduction
  4. Background research
  5. Today’s Research in Wireless Power Transmission
  6. Uses of Wireless Power Transmissions
  7. Future Trends of Wireless Power Transmission
  8. Future Uses and Effects of Wireless Power Transmission
  9. Conclusion
  10. Questions

Homework VIII: Toxoplasmosis, Sciences and Mathematics, and the The Road Ahead in general

Question 1:

I find Toxoplasmosis to rather a complex disease, that’s of course after considering how it has different effects towards other animals like mice and how it strangely has different effects on men from those it has on women.   The fact that the article says that it is the most common protozoan (unicellular) parasite in developed nations and the percentage of population (12.3%) it affects is scary. The good part of it is the positive effects it has on women’s character.  However, the article goes far as saying that prenatal and natal or post-natal infections by toxoplasmosis could lead to retinochoroitidis (infection of retina and choroid) and loss of vision even twenty years or plus later. This is a scary effect on both men and women.  The part where it causes men to be more suspicious maybe could be used or checked out by the intelligence agencies like (ex: FBI) to see if it is something that they could develop for their male employees.  After all, toxoplasmosis could cause chaos on earth if its spread increases, men will get meaner and meaner, women will be going in the opposite direction becoming nice (therefore more vulnerable to mean men) and mice as a species will disappear since after becoming fearless of cats and dogs, they will be taken for prey more frequently therefore their disappearance from the earth’s surface.  It is a shame for the governments and medical agencies that they haven’t made people aware of this widespread disease.

Question 2:

Based on the difference between mathematics and sciences, we discussed that fact that math is used to prove new things using the existing knowledge whereas sciences are based on induction. According to Wikipedia an example of induction could be, for example, inductive reasoning, also known as induction, is a kind of reasoning that constructs or evaluates propositions that are abstractions of observations of individual instances of members of the same class.

 

“There is no such thing as scientific proof” is based on the fact that sciences, being based on induction, do not prove things. They are rather based on the reasoning that constructs and evaluates things or phenomena based on observations.            Math is the field that is used to prove things, mathematical proofs.

 

Question3: Answer sent through email.

 

 

Homework VII: Climate Change

1.   Earth 2100: This is a movie about worst things that may happen in the United States if the climate changes keep getting worse, of course for those who believe they are getting worse. Even though this movie is a somewhat science fiction (at least at this minute in time), it somewhat makes me think: what if the example from the movie about a frog staying in a gradually-increasing-water-temperature applies to us? What if we are really gradually burning?  After the movie, I consider this example a possibility; however, looking at the fact that the today’s technologies in climate state predictions suggest that these changes do not seem to be occurring at a fast pace, I think 2100 is too close for such trouble for humanity.  I personally think of 2100 as the age when technology will have solved many problems and humans will have some type of water and environmental protection techniques given the weight the global has today.  Research in green technology is everywhere and it is being supported by governments: powerful sponsors both socially, legally, and financially.

     If I were to give an advice or my view of the years 2100 to my younger brother, I am sure that my views would include some concerns about the global changes, but it would not compare to the movie.  My advice would be a more positive one because I know that the world wakes up every day to work on problems that are bugging humans.  Instead of saying that humans would be dying of heat, I would positively (which I am) tell him that technology will solve most of the environmental problems and that the speed at which the world causes the world’s climate changes will decrease: climate changes will plummet or the problems will not occur any time in the near future.

2.   Wireless power transmission and climate change:  with the today’s world level of concern about climate change (including our class that took time to extensively ponder about this problem), many governments, laws, socially movements, researchers, and technologies have started to look for paths to the mitigation of the global warming.  Most of the artificially things that occupy space in our surroundings have some negative impact on the world’s climate. As the world’s population increases, the exploitation of natural resources like oil increases and so does the use of electronic devices.  Such environmental changes caused by human activity push governments and societies to put emphasis on the development of green technologies, which will in turn include the wireless power transmission technology.

The development in this technology will mean no electric wires/cables, their plastic covers, and the environmental consequences that they bring both during the exploitation of natural resources to make them and long after they have been made and sold in market place, electric cars will automatically be getting charged while parked in garages, which will in turn will decrease the carbon dioxide emissions that are emitted by the gas-oil engine cars and machinery.  The quantity of accessory non-environment friendly batteries that are manufactured will decrease and the electronic devices may become smaller if they need smaller batteries (this change in battery size may depend upon the fact that, if a device in any electric power range will automatically be getting power it needs to work, there will be no need to make large batteries that save power for too long.).  The mentioned examples and many more about the positive effects that the wireless power transmission technologies will have on the environment indicate how crucial this technology is in the bettering of the world’s climate.

3.   Sources of information about wireless power transmission:

Homework VI: Spoil Sports Predictions

  1. People arguably say that the core of the human character is the same when we are free of all environmental corruptions, but others would argue that those corruptions are natural. In fact, it has become more common to hear people say this sentence over and over whenever they make mistakes: “It is human/I am human.” And more generally as: “It is human to err.”

    That’s not how Stephen Covey describes it in his book entitled Seven Habits of Highly Effective People. He brings up this idea of two driving forces called: Character Ethic and Personality Ethic. The Character Ethic force is the one from within, the core of all humans, the one most of the people want to be driven by again after they pass through some unwanted situations. It is the force that is not driven by environmental encounters: it drives people to act the same in any situation as they would if didn’t happen. It is proactive. The personality ethic force, however, is the one that changes every time depending upon the environmental surroundings: people, things, events, and so on. It psychologically reacts to the presence of the observer. It is reactive. At any moment, in any situation, each person acts based upon either one of those two forces at some level. To know which one you’re driven by, there has to be what he calls a paradigm shift, or what I can personally call a change of view on things.

    But that is not what I am trying to talk about; I want to discuss the idea of the Observer Effect, which somehow is related to the personality ethic. You have to understand that in the today’s world the majority of people is driven by the personality ethic: reactive behaviors. This brings me to another class that I am taking called Industrial and Organization Psychology. One the chapter about employee selection process talks about the fact that when a company is testing a technique to test employees’ performances by watching how they do their tasks at work, the majority of them change their behaviors and their work patterns when they know they are being watched. This is why the Industrial-Organization Psychologists have said that “Observing Behavior Can Change it.” This happens in all daily life aspects of people and it is the “Observer Effect.”

    2.  My project type will be in the form of a Short-Research Paper.

    3.  The Spoil Sports Predictions aspects of the future of wireless power transmissions come in the same package with the possible future effects of this technology and possible changes that are being made today. However, it is hard to summarize exactly where this technology is today without having to do a thorough research about it as I will be doing for the mid-term project. At this point, I would personally say that the wireless power transmission technology is acting like a butterfly and the butter fly effect that it is creating will be more lucid once it becomes ubiquitous and popular in daily use.

    Governments, companies, and individuals worldwide are investing in different research areas. However, at this moment, I do not how much or at what pace the investments in the wireless power technology is being made. If it is not enough investments, the technology could disappear in time. Something keeps me optimistic and that is the fact that the world is trying to go green, protect the environment. This could be the driving force to the investments in this research area. If it is enough investments, the technology will prosper and it will change many things in our daily lives. As also mentioned earlier in time, some of the following effects may occur:

    Effect on people and Society:

    • There may be increase in power use because of transmission loses
    • People will like this system better than the wired power transmission
    • People may start getting more interested in electric cars

    Effect on organizations:

    • Wired power cable companies may lose customers that usually buy household power cables
    • Cable companies may adapt to the new changes and start producing the resonance based power transmitters
    • Electronic Device companies will change the way their devices are made by adding the magnetic coils to them so that they can wirelessly transmit power
    • New companies may rise to compete in this technology domain

    Effect on government and other institution policies:

    • Governments may favor it because it would be green technology oriented
    • For this reason, the government may change tax rates for people that install wireless power systems into their company facilities and houses
    • Big companies, schools, or hospitals may technically incorporate the fact that, whether they allow it or not, all the employees’ and customers’ electronic devices would be getting electrically charged whenever they enter the facilities (such an effect could create a salary reduction or products or service prices to increase)

Homework V

I.   Project: Wireless power transmission

  1. Type: A short research paper
  2. The future of wireless power transmission and its possible technological, social, and economic effects.
  3. Since I have been working on it on the past homeworks, I need to do a more extended research on it from different sources to understand it possible future trends.

II.   TRIZ:

1)      Possible technologies or businesses that will be caused by the ubiquitous wirelessly transmitted power is the electronic devices design technology, say for example, mobile phones, television sets, game consoles, electric cars, robots, and so on.

2)      TRIZ technology improvement principles (applied to wireless power transmission systems):

  1. Principle 23: Feedback: Future power systems and electronic devices should be engineered such that whenever the batter of the device is full with power, the electromagnetic frequency switch turns itself off or on depending upon the voltage within the battery of the device.
  2. Principle 25:  Self-Service:  Like continuity, the wireless power transmission would not require some charger to serve it to the device; the devices that are adjusted to the electromagnetic frequency of the power within a certain place or building would automatically serve them without some plugging.
  3. Principle 6: Universality:  This could be done by creating a wireless power system that can charge any device of any voltage, just by creating an automatic frequency calibration/adjustment to the devices power characteristics.
  4. Principle 20: Continuity of useful action: This would be the main advantage of wireless power transmission. In today’s power transmission systems, we have to keep recharging electronic devices even though we live in houses with electricity. However, with wireless power transmission, a cell phone or a device in a backpack or in a purse could still charge itself without having to take it out of the bag/purse.
  5. Principle 15: Dynamics: Since power voltages and frequencies are not the same depending upon countries, power outlets and electronic devices could be designed in a way such that the power transmission frequencies can be adjusted depending upon the power system.

3)      Possible future respective advantages from applying the above 5 TRIZ principles:

  1. Automatic feedback would allow power management (no waste of power).
  2. Self-service with no power cables would be a more environmental technique (green technology oriented). It means, there would be no metallic/plastic cable wastes to poison the soil. It is also space efficient not to have cable everywhere in the house.
  3. Universality: could allow people not to have some type of specific chargers that we use in the today’s wired power transmission techniques.  No more Samsung cable that can’t charge a Nokia cell phone. In these days, you lose a charger and have to go buy another one: simply bad.
  4. Continuity of useful action would allow people to keep using their devices without having to plug them to the power outlet as long as they are staying within the wireless power transmission distance range. It is also timesaving.
  5. Dynamics: Whenever you move to another country outside of the US, you have to go to the store to by some voltage adapter to let you use your devices while staying in another country. With a dynamic power transmission system, devices out wireless power outlets could be dynamically adjusted so that they can accomplish the needed power transmission without having to buy adapters.

III.   The Last Lecture:

A.   Insights

  • We should define our dreams/interests well and note/write them somewhere
  • When you’re doing bad (screwing up) and nobody  around you is telling you about it, it means you are in a bad company (have bad friends)
  • The brick walls are there for a reason, they let us show badly we want things.

B.   Application to my future:  I have learned that I should never give up whenever I fail doing or achieving something. It also tells me that such circumstances could be an eye opening opportunity to some other path. For example, whenever, I fail a first test in a class, it gives me strength to work hard for the next test. Such views can apply to some other big projects in life.